Migrant Education: Monitoring and Assessment
YEAR OF PUBLICATION
The study Migrant Education: Monitoring and Assessment is an initial attempt to explore the monitoring and assessment of migrant education (MAME) at the state level in Europe. A review of literature indicated the main dimensions of MAME, and these have shaped a questionnaire completed by national experts of 27 EU countries. The Bulgarian national expert is Bistra Ivanova from Multi Kulti Collective.
- Steps towards monitoring and evaluation of migrant education have been taken in EU Member States – in some more than others – but there is nowhere a comprehensive system of monitoring and assessment.
- Most Member States have developed, to some degree, educational policies for migrant children. The challenges in creating a system to monitor and evaluate the results of these policies should not be underestimated.
- Some Member States have gone further than others, related to the importance of the foreign-born population and, to a lesser extent, to the level of integration policies in the realm of education.
- It is significant that most of the countries in the sample have already developed systems for monitoring and evaluating their own educational system in general. This means that a structure exists, in which the monitoring and evaluation of migrant education could be incorporated.
- Many Member States have decentralised responsibility for education which, taken together with the principle of autonomy in education, means that the comprehensiveness of the results and conclusions of the study can only be qualified.
By way of conclusion, we summarize the main results around four main areas of concern: the objective behind the actual monitoring and assessment, the conceptualisation of “migrant” and its implications for monitoring and assessment, what is actually monitored and assessed, and how and where these monitoring and assessment systems should be implemented.
- The EC should build an agreement between the Member States on a common framework so that monitoring and assessment processes are comparable and cooperation reinforced.
- The EC should adopt an agenda to promote the monitoring and assessment of policies regarding students with a migrant background within Member States.
- The Eurydice agency should monitor the EU strategy to promote monitoring and assessment.
- The Erasmus+ programme should promote an extension of Key Action 3 for a specific plan on peer-review programmes between Member States that includes monitoring and assessment of policies.
- The EC should introduce a specific item in its budget to fund Member States that wish to improve their mechanisms of monitoring and assessment policies related to the education of students with a migrant background.
- The EC should announce a call for research initiatives aimed at filling in the gap on certain topics regarding monitoring and assessing policies addressed at students with a migrant background.
The study also identified actions within the scope of Member States which are noted here:
- Migration policy processes should be based on research evidence.
- Monitoring and assessment processes should be focused on systemic processes that restrict the achievement of migrants in schools.
- In the case of the evaluation of this individual achievement, affirmative action should be discounted.
- In general, Member States should be aware of the diversity of migrants regarding their ethnic background.
- Monitoring and assessment provide knowledge of the current state of policy implementation.
- Member States are responsible for monitoring and assessing policies on migrant education.
- Monitoring and assessment processes should be in the hands of independent researchers, so as to ensure transparency and accountability.
- Member States, through monitoring and assessment, can become aware of the sustainability of good practices for educating students with a migrant background in schools.
- Member States should adopt an intercultural approach when implementing monitoring and assessment processes, since a monocultural approach may introduce a bias that cannot reflect the heterogeneity of the population.
- Member States should promote multi-level monitoring and assessment processes at a national, sub-national and local scale.
- Member States should introduce a collaborative framework rather than a competitive one among schools when monitoring the introduction of innovative practices on migrant education.