SIRIUS: Migrant Education in Bulgaria

    Emiliya Bratanova
    Valeria Ilareva
    Multi Kulti Collective
    European Commission

    Access to education is a fundamental human right and serves as the basis for the realization of other human rights. Relevant skills and knowledge are acquired through quality education in order to enable both migrants and refugees to live productive, self-sufficient lives in safety and dignity. Specifically for refugees, inclusion in the education system restores a sense of normality and routine to the lives of both refugee children and adults after situations of forced displacement and flight. Access to educational opportunities helps to promote justice, empowerment and equality for all groups of migrants and their families.

    The report reviews the main problems facing the education of refugees and migrants in Bulgaria, taking into account the existing legal framework, what has been achieved so far and good practices.

    It has been established that among the main obstacles in the educational process are the small number of Bulgarian language classes and the insufficient knowledge provided to refugee or migrant children in order to be enrolled in the appropriate class for their age. Positive changes include the repeal of the 2009 Order of the Minister of Education, which determined the amount of fees that migrants pay to access school education, and the cancellation of equivalency exams for children from grades 1 to 6 who have received their education in a foreign country.